Orthopedic footwear

10 Points of Proper Shoe Fit

  1. Sizes vary depending on the style and brand of the footwear.
    Do not choose footwear by the size that is on the label. You have to choose it according to the fit and the sensations.
  2. Choose a shoe that is as close as possible to the shape of the foot.
  3. Measure the foot periodically; the size of the foot varies with age.
  4. Measures of both feet are required. Most people have one foot larger than the other. Always take the largest size as a reference.
  5. Measurements and fitting must be done at the end of the day, when the size of the foot is larger.
  6. During the fitting stage, maintain standing position and check there is adequate space (approximately 0.95 to 1.3 cm) from the tip of the longest toe to the end of the shoe.
  7. Check that the widest part of the forefoot fits comfortably in the widest part of the shoe.
  8. Do not choose shoes that seem too stiff in the hope that they will soften over time.
  9. The heel should be comfortable inside the shoe with a minimum amount of displacement.
  10. It is necessary to walk with the footwear to ensure that the fit is correct and that the sensations are good.


National Shoes Retailers Association, The Pedorthic Footwear Association, and the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society: 10 Points of Proper Shoe Fit. Columbia, MD. National Shoes Retailers Association, 1995.

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